||Most traditional Indian sculptures are seen to be frozen
representations of the gestures and poses of dance (charis and karanas)
as described in the Natyashastra. Just as the principles of shilpa and chitra are based on a system of medians (sutras), measures (maanas), postures of symmetry (bhangas) and asymmetry (abhanga, dvibhanga and tribhanga); and on the sthanas (positions of standing, sitting, and reclining), so too are those of nritta (pure dance) and natya (dance drama). The concept of perfect symmetry is present in both shilpa and chitra as it is in nrittya (interpretive dance), a concept and that is indicated by the all important term of sama (basic balanced position) in shilpa as well as in music and dance.
- Shanta Serbjeet Singh
(‘Why we Need Performing Arts Education,’ Sahapedia, March 2014)